Philology

Dictionary.com noun the study of literary texts and of written records, the establishment of their authenti-city and their original form, and the determination of their meaning. (especially in older use) linguistics, especially historical and comparative linguistics. Obsolete. the love of learning and literature. Etymonline.com late 14c., "love of learning," from Latin philologia "love of learning, love of letters, love of study, literary culture," from Greek philologia "love of discussion, learning, and literature; studiousness," from philo- "loving" (see philo-) + logos "word, speech" (see Logos). Meaning "science of language" is first attested 1716 (philologue "linguist" is from 1590s; philologer "linguistic scholar" is from 1650s); this confusing secondary … Continue reading Philology

Parable

Dictionary.com noun 1. a short allegorical story designed to illustrate or teach some truth, religious principle, or moral lesson. 2. a statement or comment that conveys a meaning indirectly by the use of comparison, analogy, or the like. Etymonline.com mid-13c., parabol, modern form from early 14c., "saying or story in which something is expressed in terms … Continue reading Parable

Historical Theology

Etymonline.com Historical early 15c., "of or pertaining to history, conveying information from the past," with -al (1) + Latin historicus "of history, historical," from Greek historikos "historical; of or for inquiry," from historia (see history). For sense differentiation, see historic. Meaning "narrated or mentioned in history" (as opposed to what is fiction or legend) is from 1843. Related: Historically. Theology mid-14c., "the science of religion, study … Continue reading Historical Theology

Dogmatics

Dictionary.com noun (used with a singular verb) the study of the arrangement and statement of religious doctrines, especially of the doctrines received in and taught by the Christian church. Etymonline.com 1670s, from Late Latin dogmaticus, from Greek dogmatikos "pertaining to doctrines," from dogma (genitive dogmatos) "opinion, tenet," literally "that which one thinks is true," from … Continue reading Dogmatics

Confessions

Dictionary.com noun acknowledgment; avowal; admission: a confession of incompetence. acknowledgment or disclosure of sin or sinfulness, especially to a priest to obtain absolution. something that is confessed. a formal, usually written, acknowledgment of guilt by a person accused of a crime. Also called confession of faith. a formal profession of belief and acceptance of doctrines, … Continue reading Confessions

Baptism

What exactly is baptism? Dictionary.com noun Ecclesiastical. a ceremonial immersion in water, or application of water, as an initiatory rite or sacrament of the Christian church. any similar ceremony or action of initiation, dedication, etc. a trying or purifying experience or initiation. Etymonline.com "initiatory sacrament of the Christian faith, consisting in immersion in or application of … Continue reading Baptism

Atonement

Dictionary.com noun satisfaction or reparation for a wrong or injury; amends. (sometimes initial capital letter) Theology. the doctrine concerning the reconciliation of God and humankind, especially as accomplished through the life, suffering, and death of Christ. Christian Science. the experience of humankind's unity with God exemplified by Jesus Christ. Archaic. reconciliation; agreement. Etymonline.com 1510s, "condition of being at one … Continue reading Atonement

Heaven

What is meant by the terms 1st Heaven, 2nd Heaven, and 3rd Heaven? Let's start by defining Heaven: Dictionary.com noun the abode of God, the angels, and the spirits of the righteous after death; the place or state of existence of the blessed after the mortal life. (initial capital letter) Often Heavens. the celestial powers; … Continue reading Heaven