Greek Word: φως

Today – foce

In the Greek: φως

Pronunciation (Erasmian): fohs

Definition/approximate English equivalent: light, the light, or anything emitting light. Also used metaphorically for light.

Example of its use:

  • John 1:8 οὐκ ἦν ἐκεῖνος τὸ φῶς, ἀλλʼ ἵνα μαρτυρήσῃ περὶ τοῦ φωτός.

Notes: In this example, there are two uses. The first is neuter and singular as well as the lexical form (the form of the word you’d look it up by in a lexicon). The second appearance is of course neuter (as it is a neuter word) and is singular to agree with the sentence but takes the genitive – or the often called “possessive”.

Quotes #5

Today’s quote:

Christ made His confession before Pilate not in many words but in reality, that is, by His voluntary submission to death . . . For He ratified His own testimony with His own blood and with the sacrifice of His death better than with any words . . . Thus whenever our hearts waver, let us remember immediately to look to the death of Christ for strength. What cowardice it would be to desert such a leader who goes before us to show us the way.

John Calvin

Greek Word: φονος

Today – phonos

In the Greek: φονος

Pronunciation (Erasmian): fon – ohs

Definition/approximate English equivalent: murder, slaughter, be slain.

Example of its use:

  • Acts 9:1 (Tischendorf): Ὁ δὲ Σαῦλος ἔτι ἐμπνέων ἀπειλῆς καὶ φόνου εἰς τοὺς μαθητὰς τοῦ κυρίου, προσελθὼν τῷ ἀρχιερεῖ

Note: In this example, our Greek word is taking on the masculine singular, genitive declension form.

Quotes #4

Here’s today’s quote:

We are simply to run from evil as we run from danger, and to run after goodness as we run after success. That is, we have to give our mind, time, and energy to both flight and pursuit.

John Stott

Greek Word: θανατος

Today – thanatos

In the Greek: θανατος

Pronunciation (Erasmian): than -aht -ohs (the a in than being like that in can)

Definition/approximate English equivalent: it means the death of the body; power of death; wicked dead in hell; etc. It is a masculine noun effectively meaning “death”.

Most people today are familiar with the word as it is the name of a key bad guy in the Marvel films (Avengers: Infinity War and then Endgame) – a fitting name as he brings death to countless lives. I would point out that Marvel pronounces the word with an English pronunciation however.

Example of its use:

  • Revelation 13:3 (Tischendorf): καὶ μίαν ἐκ τῶν κεφαλῶν αὐτοῦ ὡς ἐσφαγμένην εἰς θάνατον, καὶ ἡ πληγὴ τοῦ θανάτου αὐτοῦ ἐθεραπεύθη. καὶ ἐθαύμασεν ὅλη ἡ γῆ ὀπίσω τοῦ θηρίου,

Note: In this example, our Greek word is taking on the singular, genitive declension form.

Greek Word: δοξα

Today – doxa

In the Greek: δοξα

Pronunciation (Erasmian): dohk – sah

Definition/approximate English equivalent: glory, majesty, esteem, fame, etc.

Example of its use:

  • Matthew 4:8 (Tischendorf): πάλιν παραλαμβάνει αὐτὸν ὁ διάβολος εἰς ὄρος ὑψηλὸν λίαν καὶ δείκνυσιν αὐτῷ πάσας τὰς βασιλείας τοῦ κόσμου καὶ τὴν δόξαν αὐτῶν,

Note: Endings are often different because of the word’s place/use in the sentence. As you study Greek, you find nouns have to match with parts of the surrounding context of terms in gender, case, and plurality – among other things – and that’s what’s going on here.

Quotes #2

Here’s today’s quote:

I have found and noted in all histories of the whole Christian church that all those who have maintained the central doctrine of Jesus Christ in its integrity have remained safe and sound in the true Christian faith . . . For if anyone stands firm and right on this point, that Jesus Christ is true God and true man, all other articles of the Christian faith will fall in place for him and firmly sustain him.

Martin Luther